Valorization of local products to fight against chronic malnutrition in Malagasy rural households using Food supplements bio-fortified by the leaves powder of Moringa oleifera Lam
RANDRANTOARIMBOLA Lazaniriana, RAFALIMANANTSOA Jules, RATIARIMANANJATOVO Narindra, RANDRIAMANANTENA A. Andrin’iranto, RAKOTONDRAZAFY Jennie Irma Norosoa, Koto-te-Nyiwa NGBOLUA, ROBIJAONA Baholy
Corresponding Author : Ir ROBIJAONA Baholy
Génie des Procédés et des Systèmes Industriels, Agricoles et Alimentaires, Ecole Supérieure polytechnique d’Antananarivo, Université d’Antananarivo, B.P. 1500, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
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Received : 2018-05-19 Accepted : 2018-06-28 Published : 2018-06-28
Abstract : In Madagascar, the national economy depends largely on the agriculture sector, dominated by smallholder farmers whose main primarily activities rely on subsistence. Decrease of per capita agricultural production has been observed. Over 70% of households live below the national poverty line (535.603 Ariary/year). Malagasy poverty has always been predominant in rural areas represented 86% of the poor live. The proportion of children between 6 - 23 months who received varied and nutritious diet is low (30.9% of children between 6-23 months received diverse complementary feeding), even in the richest households. In particular, vitamin A or iron-rich foods consumption for 6-23 months-aged children remains in low rates. The percentage of the population, exposed to food and nutritional insecurity, who consumed less than 2250 kcal per day and with 85% of calories coming from staple foods remained around 31~35%. Overall anaemia prevalence among children was 51.2% in 2013. Close to one third of female adolescents suffers from anaemia (35.3%) and underweight (27%), the latter showing the increasing trends for the period of 2004-2009. Feeding practices have been seriously inadequate with only 2.7% of children aged from 6 to 23 months received meals corresponding to the “minimum acceptable diet” standards in 2013. On the other hand, inadequate food practices are often the cause of malnutrition on nutritional improvement. To achieve the global nutrition targets, improving the status of major underlying drivers of nutrition has been recognized as an important dimension of Madagascar’s nutrition programming. From this standpoint, food fortification by powder leaves of Moringa has the dual advantage of being able to deliver nutrients to large segments of the population without requiring radical changes in food consumption patterns.
Keywords : Smallholder farmers, poverty, malnutrition, food fortification, Moringa oleifera.
Citation : Ir ROBIJAONA Baholy et al. (2018). Valorization of local products to fight against chronic malnutrition in Malagasy rural households using Food supplements bio-fortified by the leaves powder of Moringa oleifera Lam. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V6I4.03 DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.1303307
Copyright : © 2018 Ir ROBIJAONA Baholy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences
ISSN : 2348-294X
Volume 6 / Issue 4
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