The Use of Indigenous Plant in Controlling Mosquito (Agent of Infectious Disease)
Muhammad, A. A., Sambo, S. and Tambari, U.
Corresponding Author : Muhammad, A. A.
Department of Biology, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria
Email ID : firstname.lastname@example.org
Received : 2019-01-25 Accepted : 2019-01-25 Published : 2019-03-01
Abstract : The use of botanicals as alternatives to synthetic insecticides offers a more environmentally friendly method of insect control. The current study evaluated effects of two indigenous plants against Anopheles mosquito. Two plants namely neem tree (Azadirachtaindica) and Water hyacinth (Echorniacrassipes) were used to control mosquito biologically those were obtained from Gwiwa Low cost and Tashar Illela (at Maimasukka River) Sokoto, Nigeria respectively, various concentrations of the plants were prepared and used. Mortality (of dead larva) were recorded against the various concentrations, each plant was tested against anopheles effectiveness. For water hyacinth the highest percentage mortality was 86.6% at 15µg/L and 120µg/L the lowest percentage mortality was 73.3% at 30µg/L. While for Neem the highest percentage mortality was 100% at 120µg/L and lowest was 36.6% at 15µg/L. The government should encourage, empower and establish research institutes, give financial support for further research into the bioactivity of these plants to be able to formulate insecticidal coils that can be used to repel and prevent mosquito bites, which may eventually reduce the use of synthetic insecticides.
Keywords : Neem tree, Water hyacinth, Botanicals, Mosquito and Indigenous
Citation : Muhammad, A. A. et al. (2019). The Use of Indigenous Plant in Controlling Mosquito (Agent of Infectious Disease). J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology, V7I202. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.2580481
Copyright : © 2019 Muhammad, A. A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology
ISSN : 2348-7313
Volume 7 / Issue 2
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