Profile of Anemia in Children Aged 0 to 59 Months Treated at Kabondo Reference General Hospital of Kisangani City, R. D. Congo
Joseph – Désiré OLEKO WA OLEKO, Antoinette O. HAKONYANGE, José TSHIBANDA, Dorothée D. TSHILANDA, Salomon A. BATINA, Dynamo R. KASONGO, Briston E. MONGITA, Aimé M. LUKUSA and Puis T. MPIANA
Corresponding Author : OLEKO WA OLEKO
Institute Superior of the Medical Techniques of Tshumbe P.O. BOX. 64 Tshumbe, DR Congo
Email ID : j_d_Oleko@yahoo.fr
Received : 2018-09-12 Accepted : 2018-10-25 Published : 2018-10-25
Abstract : Severe anemia is a major risk factor for infant mortality and is a public health problem in our country, DR Congo. Most cases require urgent medical care with blood transfusions and a very high hospital bed occupancy rate. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the profile of anemia in children from 0 to 59 months in care at the Kabondo Reference General Hospital during 2017. Our study is transversal descriptive, based on the register of consultations of the pediatric department of the reference general hospital of Kabondo in the year 2017, and 3,641 cases were selected, and based on selection criteria, 486 cases were retained. At the end of our investigations, the following results were obtained: the anemias represent a significant morbid load with a hospital prevalence of 13.3%, in children from 0 to 11 months (38.9%) predominantly female (57.5%). The dominant clinical signs were: fever (40.3%) and digestive disorders (26.1%). 94.1% of cases were cured against 3.9% of deaths. These results demonstrate the use in case management by: 95.9% antianemic agents and 70.3% antibiotic therapy. This study brings to the database more information on the anemic profile of children aged 0 to 59 months treated at the Kabondo Reference General Hospital and gives the relevance of certain drugs in case management.
Keywords : Anemia, public health problem DR Congo, infant mortality,
Citation : OLEKO WA OLEKO. et al. (2018). Profile of Anemia in Children Aged 0 to 59 Months Treated at Kabondo Reference General Hospital of Kisangani City, R. D. Congo, D. R. Congo. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V7I2.02. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.1478964
Copyright : © 2018 OLEKO WA OLEKO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences
ISSN : 2348-294X
Volume 7 / Issue 2
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