Nematicidal Properties and Phytochemical Screening of Tamarindus Indica and Azadirachta Indica Extract Against Burrowing Nematode of Banana Plant in Sokoto State
Muhammad I.A, Aliyu L.S, Ismaila A and, Musa A
Corresponding Author : Muhammad I.A
Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.
Email ID : firstname.lastname@example.org
Received : 2017-08-12 Accepted : 2017-10-02 Published : 2017-10-02
Abstract : Nematodes of banana are one of the major constraints to sustainable banana production in Sokoto and worldwide. This nematode can reduce plant growth, yield by more than 50%, and decrease the productive life of banana fields. Radophulus similis control in the Sokoto and Nigeria at large has been base on the application of synthetic nematicides, which are now costly and discouraging due to human health and environmental hazards. The objective of this study was to assess the nematicidal properties of neem and Tamarind Extract and to determine the phytochemical properties of these extracts. Result showed that, Alkaloids, saponins, triterpens, and steroids were found in all the extracts, tannins in the T. indica only. All the extracts cause a significant reduction by 27-56%. It was found that among the extracts tested, A. indica had maximum percentage reduction (56%), while T. indica extracts showed minimum percentage reduction (27%) against R. similis nematodes. Therefore, A. indica could provide farmers with a simple, low cost alternative for the control of banana nematodes. It would be appropriate for more researches should be done in order to come up with an alternative to synthetic nematicides.
Keywords : Nematodes, Phytochemical, Banana, Tamarindus and Azadirachta indica
Citation : Muhammad, I.A et al (2017). Nematicidal Properties and Phytochemical Screening of Tamarindus Indica and Azadirachta Indica Extract Against Burrowing Nematode of Banana Plant in Sokoto State. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. V5I3. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.1000549
Copyright : © 2017 Muhammad, I.A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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