Larvicidal Activity of Some Congolese Plant Extracts against Anopheles Gambiae
G.T. Mukungulu, D.D. Tshilanda, D.ST. Tshibangu , E.M.Tshiwew , A.S. Vulama, N.N. N'sita, A.K. Kitambala, S.M.Mafuta, D.E. Musibono, P.T. Mpiana
Corresponding Author : PT Mpiana,
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 190 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Email ID : email@example.com
Received : 2015-06-09 Accepted : 2015-07-15 Published : 2015-07-15
Abstract : Aqueous extracts from leaves of four Congolese plants species were tested for their larvicidal activity against Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes by exposing early 4th instar larvae to a series of concentrations of these plants extracts. Mortality counts were made after 24 hours exposure. Larvicidal effects were found for Canarium schweinfurthii Engl, Lippia multiflora Moldenke and Annona senegalensis Pers with LC50 values of 2.0, 25.1 and 30.2 mg/l respectively. A chemical screening was done on these active plants indicating the presence of alkaloids and polyphenols probable responsible of this activity. Morinda morindoides extract showed no toxicity on larvae.
Keywords : Larvicidal activity, plant extracts, Anopheles gambiae, Congolese plants.
Citation : PT Mpiana et al. (2015). Larvicidal Activity of Some Congolese Plant Extracts against Anopheles Gambiae. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V3I2. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.999687
Copyright : © 2015 PT Mpiana. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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