Isolation and Identification of Some Microbial Pathogens Associated Body Surfaces of Cockroaches in Residential Araes Within Sokoto State Metropolis
Yalli A.A., Salau I. A
Corresponding Author : Salau I. A ,
Department of Biology, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto Nigeria.
Email ID : email@example.com
Received : 2017-09-28 Accepted : 2017-10-22 Published : 2017-10-22
Abstract : Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) harbour and disseminate the bacterial pathogens to the metropolis. They play important role in the transmission of different diseases either mechanically, occasionally and biologically. The presence of these cockroaches in the houses especially kitchens is an indicator of poor food hygiene. Cockroaches may spread a range of diseases and are a health hazard. They carry bacteria and fungi on their bodies from rubbish bins, sewers, drains and garbage areas and then transmit it to individuals by visiting their kitchens. The study was attempted to isolate and identify the pathogenic bacteria and fungi from the household room, toilet and kitchen areas of different houses in the metropolis. Cockroaches were collected by using sticky traps and direct collection. Pathogenic bacteria and fungi were isolated from the external surfaces of 100% of the American cockroaches examined. The following bacteria were identified Escherichia, Staphylococcus, Enterobacter, Bacillus, Aeromonas Vibrio Pleisiomonas and Salmonella Species. While fungal isolates recovered include Aspergillus specie, Mucor specie, Penicillium specie, Fusarium specie and Rhizopus specie. Total viable count and microbial loads of the isolates from the three sites revealed that the isolates obtained from toilet areas were high as compared to those from kitchen and rooms areas. This indicated that Periplaneta americana is a possible reservoir of several pathogens via their bodies.
Keywords : Microbial, Fungi, Bacteria, Periplaneta americana, Body surface and Homes.
Citation : Salau I. A et al. (2017). Isolation and Identification of Some Microbial Pathogens Associated Body Surfaces of Cockroaches in Residential Araes Within Sokoto State Metropolis . J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V5I4. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.1034662
Copyright : © 2017 Salau I. A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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