Effect of Methods of Processing Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on the Susceptibility of the seeds to fungal infection during storage
Ragab Salama Taha, Seif El-Yazal MA, Rady MM, Essa HF, SM Abd El-Mgeed
Corresponding Author : Ragab Salama Taha
Botany Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Egypt.
Email ID : firstname.lastname@example.org
Received : 2019-01-02 Accepted : 2019-02-02 Published : 2019-02-02
Abstract : The result of various salinity levels (0, 5000 and 8000 ppm) on growth traits, yield and its components and grain quality of transgenic (mannitol-accumulating gene [mtlD] for salt stress tolerance event; 79/8 and non-transgenic (cv. Giza 163) wheat plants were investigated. For substantiative this work, the two genotypes used were subjected to the afore mentioned salinity levels. When compared the event 79/8 with the cv. G-163, significant positive results were obtained with the event 79/8 under zero and 5000 ppm NaCl-salinity as compared to the level of 8000 ppm. Irrespective of the two genotype, growth traits (No. of tillers plant-1, root size plant-1, No. of leaves plant-1, yield and its components (No. of spikes plant-1, spike length, No. of spikelets spike-1, No. of grains spike-1, 1000-grain weight and grains weight plant-1) and grain quality (nutrient status of grains, starch, protein and sugars) in 8000 ppm-NaCl-stressed plants were significantly lower than those in 5000 ppm-NaCl-stressed plants. No significant variations in all aforementioned parameters were found out between 5000 ppm-NaCl-stressed and non-NaCl-stressed plants. Regardless NaCl-stress treatments, all aforesaid characters (growth traits, yield and its components and grain quality) were significantly differed between both 79/8 event and cv. Giza 163 with preferability in behave of the former. The event 79/8 surpassed the cv. G-163 in all determined parameters. The interaction effect of NaCl-stress and also the genotype treatment was significant. Maximum positive results of all parameters under study were obtained with non-NaCl-stressed plants of the event 79/8 followed by plants of the same event under 5000 ppm NaCl stress. It has been recommended that, the transgenic genotype; salinity and drought tolerant must be used in wheat cultivation under the climatic changes occurred nowadays which proved to be increased soil salinization and droughts.
Keywords : Wheat; salinity; transgenic; genotype; yield; grain quality
Citation : Ragab Salama Taha (2019). Effect of Gene transfer on Salinity Tolerance, Growth, Yield, Chemical Composition and Grain Quality of Transgenic Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Plants. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. V7I103. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.2573587
Copyright : © 2019 Ragab Salama Taha. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology
ISSN : 2348-7313
Volume 7 / Issue 1
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