Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Bio-Syngas Hetero-/Homogeneous Combustion over Platinum in Catalytic Micro-Combustors
Junjie Chen, Wenya Song
Corresponding Author : Junjie Chen,
School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China.
Email ID : firstname.lastname@example.org
Received : 2015-11-12 Accepted : 2015-12-15 Published : 2015-12-15
Abstract : Bio-syngas is a synthetic gas obtained from the thermal gasification of biomass. It contains carbon monoxide and hydrogen which is thought to be a cleaner fuel than biogas owing to its higher hydrogen content. In this work, the bio-syngas hetero-/homogeneous combustion over platinum in catalytic micro-combustors were studied through two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model. Numerical simulations were carried out with a two-dimensional elliptic computational fluid dynamics code in conjunction with full-elliptic flow description, detailed hetero-/homogeneous chemistry, and all relevant heat transfer mechanisms in catalytic micro-combustors. In addition, we also studied the light-off of mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen under lean conditions. The self-inhibition of carbon monoxide was found. Increasing carbon monoxide compositions result in an increase in the light-off temperature. Addition of hydrogen to the feed causes a reduction in light-off temperature for all compositions of carbon monoxide studied. The most significant shift in light-off temperature occurs with the addition of small amounts of hydrogen with only minor marginal enhancement occurring at higher hydrogen concentrations. Hydrogen alone in a lean atmosphere will oxidize at room temperature. Upon changing the activation energy between adsorbed hydrogen and oxygen, the carbon monoxide was observed to oxidize first, however, no enhancement of light-off was predicted.
Keywords : Bio-syngas; Homogeneous combustion; Heterogeneous combustion; Micro-combustion; Light-off; Platinum catalyst; Computational fluid dynamics
Citation : Junjie Chen et al. (2015). Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Bio-Syngas Hetero-/Homogeneous Combustion over Platinum in Catalytic Micro-Combustors. J. of Bioprocessing and Chemical Engineering. V3I4. DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.897947
Copyright : © 2015 Junjie Chen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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