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%20%20%20%20Physico-Chemical%20and%20Bacteriological%20Analyses%20of%20Borehole%20Water%20Samples%20around%20The%20Federal%20University%20of%20Technology,%20Akure,%20Nigeria
Research article
  

Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Analyses of Borehole Water Samples around The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria


Edward Olorunsola Olanipekun, Olajide Ayodele, Olayemi Fatima Obe

1Chemistry Department, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria. 2Chemistry Department, Ekiti State University, P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.


Edward Olorunsola Olanipekun,
Tel.: +2348033907371,
Email:

Received: July 25, 2017,   Accepted: August 26, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

Three water samples were collected around The Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA), Nigeria. The samples were analyzed for physicochemical properties such as temperature, acidity alkalinity, conductivity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), nitrate, phosphate and sulphate, total hardness and suspended solids. The levels of heavy metals in the samples were also investigated. Microbial analysis was carried out on the samples to assess faecal contamination and type of bacteria present. For the physicochemical properties, chemical oxygen demand (COD) values for samples A and B deviated from 10 mg/L specified by WHO whereas the value for sample C was within the standard. Total alkalinity and phosphate values exceeded WHO standard limits. Also, the values of dissolved oxygen (DO) (8.28 - 10.97 mg/L) and pH (5.79 – 5.95) failed the standards set by WHO. Sample C was below WHO standard for total hardness having 93.60 mg/L as against 100 mg/L (minimum). However, calcium hardness, suspended solid, dissolved solids, BOD, and concentrations of heavy metals in the samples were within WHO permissible limits for drinking water. The microbial analysis showed that the samples contained some undesirable microorganisms such as E. coli (an indication of faecal contamination).


Keywords: Bacteriological Analyses, Water, Federal University of Technology


Citation:

Edward Olorunsola Olanipekun et al. (2017). Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Analyses of Borehole Water Samples around The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V5I3. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V5I3.04


Copyright:

© 2017 Edward Olorunsola Olanipekun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences