Email-ID
Password
Forget password?






New User Registration
%20%20%20%20Phytochemical,%20Proximate,%20Vitamins%20and%20Minerals%20Composition%20of%20%20%20Ocimum%20gratissimum%20leaves
Research article
  

Phytochemical, Proximate, Vitamins and Minerals Composition of Ocimum gratissimum leaves


Efiong, E. E

Corresponding author :

Efiong, E. E,
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences,
University of Calabar, P.M.B 1115, Calabar, Nigeria.
Tel.: +2348056163762, +2347069411430,
Email:

Received: June 12, 2014,   Accepted: July 17, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

Ocimum gratissimum also known as Africa basil/sweet basil is widely found in tropical and subtropical regions and is commonly used as food spice and traditional herb in the treatment of a variety of ailments. The current study therefore evaluated the chemical constituents: proximate (crude fiber, ash, fat and protein), phytochemicals (flavonoids, tannins, saponins, polyphenols, alkaloids and hydrocyanide), mineral elements (Mn, Se, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mg, Cr) and vitamins (A, C, E, riboflavin, niacin and thiamine) using standard methods. Results are as follows proximate (4.2± 0.32%, 1.15 ± 0.05%, 2.7 ± 0.05% and 4.43 ± 0.19% for crude fiber, ash, fat and protein respectively); phytochemicals (1.93±0.09%, 0.56±0.04%, 1.06±0.03%, 0.47±0.02%, 0.41±0.01% and 0.00±0.00% for flavonoids, tannins, saponins, polyphenols, alkaloids and hydrocyanide respectively); mineral elements (0.002± 0.02 mg/100g, 0.36±0.07mg/100g, 0.004±0.89mg/100g, 7.03±0.19mg/100g, 0.01±0.12mg/100g and 0.06±0.58mg/100g and nil for Mn, Se, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mg, Cr respectively) and vitamins (1402.33 ± 5.89IU/100g , 0.0025±0.36 mg/100g , 19.33 ± 0.88 mg/100g , 7.8 ±0.06% , 4.11 ±0.11% and 23.33 ±1.2% for vitamins A, C, E, riboflavin, niacin and thiamine respectively). The findings from this work shows that Ocimum gratissimum may be a good source of medically active phytochemicals and micronutrients necessary in health and disease. Thus, justifying its use traditionally in the treatment of ailments.


Keywords: Ocimum gratissimum, phytochemicals, micronutrient, vitamins


Citation:

Efiong, E. E (2014) Phytochemical, Proximate, Vitamins and Minerals Composition of Ocimum gratissimum leaves. j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V1I4. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V1I4.01


Copyright:

© 2014 Efiong, E. E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
Download PDF

      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences