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%20%20%20%20Standardization%20of%20Variables%20for%20Dyeing%20Cotton%20Fabric%20with%20Five%20Synthesized%20Reactive%20Dyes
Research article
  

Standardization of Variables for Dyeing Cotton Fabric with Five Synthesized Reactive Dyes


Jigar R. Patel, Mitesh H. Patel, Pranav S. Shrivastav, Mallika Sanyal

1.Chemistry Department, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Sarva Vidyalaya Campus, Sector 15/23, Gandhinagar- 382015, India.
2.Department of Chemistry, Gujarat College, Ellis Bridge, Ahmedabad-380006, Gujarat, India.
3.Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad- 380009, India.
4.Department of Chemistry, St. Xavier’s College, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad- 380009, India.


Corresponding author :

Mallika Sanyal,
Department of Chemistry,
St. Xavier’s College, Navrangpura,
Ahmedabad- 380009, India,.
Tel.: +91-9825972775
Email:

Received: April 26, 2014,   Accepted: May 18, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

This study presents standardization of dyeing variables for dyeing of five synthesized reactive dyes (Red A, Red B, Red C, Orange D and Black BE) on 100 % cotton fabric. These dyes contained sulfo vinylsulfone functionality and were prepared by either reacting cyanuric chloride with H-acid and coupling with the diazotized product of sulfo vinylsulfone/sulfo tobiaz acid or reacting diazotized sulfo vinylsulfone with H-acid/sodium napthonate under optimized conditions. Different variables which affect the process of dyeing like dye concentration, dyeing temperature, pH of dyeing solution, dyeing time and concentration of auxiliaries used during dyeing were systematically evaluated. All measurements were made at wavelength maxima (λmax) of respective dyes Red A (540 nm), Red B (535 nm), Red C (530 nm), Orange D (520 nm) and Black BE (630 nm). The results showed that 3 % dye concentration was adequate for maximum dye absorption on the cotton fabric and 1 % was ideal for fastness to sunlight and wash. The optimized values for other variables were, dyeing temperature: 80 ºC, pH of dyeing: 11.0, drying time: 90 min; and 80/85 g/L of sodium chloride and 20/25 g/L of sodium carbonate as auxiliaries for 1 % and 3 % dye concentration respectively.


Keywords: Reactive dyes; Cotton fabric; Standardization; Optimization; Dyeing variables


Citation:

Mallika Sanyal, et al (2014) Standardization of Variables for Dyeing Cotton Fabric with Five Synthesized Reactive Dyes. j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V1I3. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V1I3.02


Copyright:

© 2014 Mallika Sanyal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences