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%20%20%20%20Development%20and%20Characterization%20of%20Shea%20Butter%20Seed%20Husk%20Carbon%20Black%20for%20Cyanide%20bearing%20Wastewater%20Treatment
Research article
  

Development and Characterization of Shea Butter Seed Husk Carbon Black for Cyanide bearing Wastewater Treatment


Tsunatu D. Yavini, Azuaga I. Chia, Tickson T. Samuel and Jirah E. Umar

1 Chemistry Department, Taraba State University, P.M.B 1167 Jalingo – Taraba, Nigeria


Corresponding author :

Tsunatu D. Yavini,
Tel.: +2347039600206,
Email:

Received: February 21, 2015,   Accepted: April 20, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

Batch adsorption of cyanide ions from aqueous solution using activated carbon developed from Shea Butter Seed Husk (SBSH) was investigated. The Shea butter seed husk was removed from the seed using mortar and pestle, it was then washed, dried and carbonized/Calcined at 450oC - 500oC and activated at 700oC using hydrochloric acid. The effect of adsorbent dose, initial cyanide concentration, contact time and pH were investigated and found to significantly affect the adsorption capacity with optimum adsorbent dose, contact time and initial cyanide concentration of 3.0g/100ml, 120mins and 100mg/l. The removal efficiency of cyanide ions by SBSH carbon black was 94.56% at lower concentration of 100mg/l and 58.7% was achieved at higher concentration of 600mg/l cyanide concentration.


Keywords: Cyanide ion, Adsorbent Dosage, Calcination, Shea Butter Seed Husk, Activated Carbon


Citation:

Tsunatu D. Yavini. et al.. (2015) Development and Characterization of Shea Butter Seed Husk Carbon Black for Cyanide bearing Wastewater Treatment. j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V2I4. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V2I4.03


Copyright:

© 2015 Tsunatu D. Yavini. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences