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%20%20%20%20Comparative%20Study%20of%20The%20Method%20Of%20Oil%20Extraction%20From%20Bemolanga%20Oil%20Sand%20From%20Madagascar
Research article
  

Comparative Study of The Method Of Oil Extraction From Bemolanga Oil Sand From Madagascar


Haritiana Jeannelle Rakotoniriana, Richard N. Randriana, Tahiry Rouel Malala, Fréderic Randrianarivelo, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Pierre Ruphin Fatiany, Robijaona Baholy

1Department of Chemical Process Engineering and Industrial, Polytechnic High School, P.O. Box 1500, University of Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kinshasa University, P.O. Box 190 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 187, University of Toliara, 601 Toliara, Madagascar


Corresponding author :

Professor Robijaona Baholy,
Tel: +261331508 959,
Email:

Received: January 15, 2017,   Accepted: January 15, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

This study seeks to determine the best way to extract oil from Bemolanga tar sands. The study was carried out using an experimental design. Solid-liquid extraction method using Soxhlet were performed in order to optimize the extraction of asphalt content in Bemolangatar sands and reduce its environmental impact. Two solvents were used: Chloroform and TetraChloroEthylene (TCE). Regarding the choice of solvent, chloroform offers the best of 98.42% extraction yield of which 90.32% of sand and 8.10% of oil compared to97.17% of TCE yield including 89.42% of sand and 7.77% of oil. The residue obtained from the operation is free of impurity and the operation itself has minimum side effect in the environment. Environmental impact was reduced due to the fact that oil was kept in Soxhlet, and nobody was harmed. With a density ranging between 16° API and 21° API, the oil was classified as heavy oil. The obtained fraction of diesel reached more than 50% on average with minimum fraction of petrol and kerosene. The Soxhlet extraction method is identified as an ideal method for extracting oil from Bemolanga sandstone in the laboratory. ....


Keywords: Fuel, Chloroform, distillation, solid-liquid extraction, solvent extraction, tar sand, heavy oil, Tetrachoroethylene TCE, Madagascar.


Citation:

Robijaona Baholy et al. (2017). Comparative Study of The Method Of Oil Extraction From Bemolanga Oil Sand From Madagascar, j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V4I4. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V4I4.03


Copyright:

© 2017 Robijaona Baholy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences