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%20%20%20%20Phytochemical%20Screening%20of%20some%20medicinal%20plants%20traditionally%20used%20by%20African%20Women%20in%20Kinshasa%20city%20(DR%20Congo)%20for%20their%20intimate%20hygiene%20and%20Evaluation%20of%20the%20pH%20of%20derived%20recipes
Research article
  

Phytochemical Screening of some medicinal plants traditionally used by African Women in Kinshasa city (DR Congo) for their intimate hygiene and Evaluation of the pH of derived recipes


Kabena Ngandu Odette , Lukoki Luyeye Félicien , Mpiana T. Pius , Ngombe K. Nadège , Ruphin Pierre Fatiany, Robijaona Baholy, Koto –te- Nyiwa Ngbolua

Affiliation


Corresponding author :

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua,
Associate Professor, Department of Biology,
Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa,
P.O. BOX 190 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Tel.: +243 81 68 79 527 ,
Email:

Received: May 30, 2014,   Accepted: June 25, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

In Africa, about 80% of population relies on traditional medicine for their health care purpose. The aim of the present study was to evaluate both the chemical composition of plants and the pH of derived recipes used by African Women in Kinshasa city (DR Congo) for their intimate hygiene. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of phenols and triterpenoids in all extracts. Saponins were found in seven plant species (Bridelia ferruginea, Crossopteryx febrifuga, Hibiscus mechowii, Lycopersicum esculentum, Mangifera indica, Ocimum basilicum, Vitex madiensis). The use of plants containing saponins by women for their intimate hygiene could serve as source of spermicidal agents. The results of the pH measurements indicated also that the acidity of twenty seven recipes varied between 2, 35 (Citrus limon juice) and 7, 02 (decoction of the leaves of Chenopodium ambrosioides). Only 14% of the recipes presented the value of acidity conforms to vaginal physiological acidity (pH 4 to 5) and should preserve the healthier vaginal microflora through retention of Lactobacillus. The acidity of the recipes depends on the factors such as plant species (alone or associated) and the mode of preparation.


Keywords: Intimate hygiene, folk medicine, medicinal plants, phytochemical screening, Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Citation:

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, et al (2014), Phytochemical Screening of some medicinal plants traditionally used by African Women in Kinshasa city (DR Congo) for their intimate hygiene and Evaluation of the pH of derived recipes. J. of Modern Drug Discovery and Drug Delivery Research. V1I3. DOI: 10.15297/JMDDR.V1I3.04


Copyright:

© 2014 Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Modern Drug Discovery and Drug Delivery Research