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%20%20%20%20Lake%20Kivu%20(Albertine%20Rift)%20Proximity%20and%20Incidence%20of%20Cholera%20at%20Katana%20Rural%20Health%20Zone
Research article
  

Lake Kivu (Albertine Rift) Proximity and Incidence of Cholera at Katana Rural Health Zone


L.K. Wimba, S. Bigawa , P. K. Kaleme, K.N. Ngbolua, P.T. Mpiana , J. K Lumande, B. M. Kaningini

1ISTM-Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2UERHA/ISP-Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Université de Burundi , Republic of Burundi
4Faculté des Sciences, Université of Kinshasa, B.P. 190 Kinshasa 11, Democratic Republic of the Congo


Corresponding author :

Prof. Dr. PT Mpiana,
Tel: (+243) 81 811 60 19,
Email:

Received: June 9, 2015,   Accepted: July 7, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

The aim of this work is to determine the impact of cholera risk linked to proximity of the Lake Kivu. Data were collected at the first semester of 2012 in the Rural Health Zone of Katana, coupled with household interviews. Cholera cases reported at the hospital from 2002 to 2011 at the centre for cholera treatment of Katana Rural health zone were collected, coupled with household interviews. During this decade, It was found that the weekly cholera incidence was two folds in the sites in the nearby of the lake then the ones in the mainland (P<0.001). Indeed, the survey revealed that in the Health zone of Katana, proximity to the lake exposes households to cholera two folds than in the mainland (OR= 2,05 ; IC: 1,0913-3,8762; P=0,025) and the consumption of the water from the lake increases the risk from a factor 12 (OR=12 ; IC 95%: 4.365-33.131; P=0.000).


Keywords: Lake Kivu proximity, cholera risk, Katana health zone.


Citation:

PT Mpiana et al. (2015). Lake Kivu (Albertine Rift) Proximity and Incidence of Cholera at Katana Rural Health Zone. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V3I2.DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V3I2.02


Copyright:

© 2015 PT Mpiana. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences