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Phytochemical,%20Proximate%20Analysis%20and%20Mineral%20Composition%20of%20Aqueous%20Crude%20Extract%20of%20Ficus%20Asperifolia%20Miq
Research article
  

Phytochemical, Proximate Analysis and Mineral Composition of Aqueous Crude Extract of Ficus Asperifolia Miq.


Ojo O.A, Ajiboye B.O, Ojo A.B, Onikanni S.A, Olarewaju O.I

Corresponding author :

Ojo O.A,
Department of Chemical Sciences, Biochemistry Unit,
Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Phone: +07037824647,
Email:

Received: January 15, 2014,   Accepted: February 8, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

To determine the chemical constituents, proximate, phytochemical analysis and mineral composition of the crude aqueous extract of the leaves of Ficus asperifolia. The extracts were subjected to proximate and phytochemical screening. The mineral contents were determined using standard biochemical methods and equipment. Phytochemical studies carried out on aqueous extract of Ficus asperifolia leaves showed the presence of alkaloid, saponin, phenol, tannin, cardiac glycoside, steroid, cardenolides and phlobatannins while terpenes, flavonoids, anthraquinones and chalcones were not detected. Analyses showed that the sample has high level of Carbohydrate (42.64%), moderate amount of Crude Fibre and Protein (18.41 and 14.73%), respectively and little amount of Ash content (9.78%) and Crude Fat (3.16%). Also a considerable level (11.29%) of moisture was shown. This composition shows that the sample could be a good source of Carbohydrate, Dietary Fibre and Protein. Sodium and Potassium content (0.185±0.002 and 0.367±0.007%), respectively indicates the tendency of Ficus asperifolia to be able to regulate or control the osmotic balance of the body fluid as well as body pH. Ficus asperifolia is also found to be rich in Phosphorus (0.349±0.002%) and Calcium (0.203±0.002%), which is essential for bone formation. Magnesium, (0.428±0.003%) is also present, which could help to lower the blood pressure. Antioxidant minerals Zinc (64.45±0.15 mg/kg), Iron (7.00±0.20 mg/kg), Copper (13.35±0.15 mg/kg) and Selenium (0.0027±0.01 mg/kg) are also present. Our findings therefore, suggest that there is an indication that Ficus asperifolia contains important phytochemicals, proximate and mineral compounds that may be linked to its beneficial effects on health.


Keywords: Phytochemical, Mineral composition, proximate, Aqueous extract, Ficus asperifolia,


Citation:

Ojo O.A(2014) Phytochemical, Proximate Analysis and Mineral Composition of Aqueous Crude Extract of Ficus Asperifolia Miq. J. Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V1-I1. DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V1I1.09


Copyright:

© 2014 Ojo O.A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences