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%20%20%20%20Assessment%20of%20Thyroid%20Function%20during%20the%20First%20Trimester%20of%20Pregnancy%20in%20a%20Group%20of%20Women%20in%20Gaza,%20Palestine
Research article
  

Assessment of Thyroid Function during the First Trimester of Pregnancy in a Group of Women in Gaza, Palestine


Raghda A RADI , Mohammad E. SHUBAIR, Huda M. HANYIAH

1 Laboratories of the Palestinian ministry of health, Gaza, Palestine
2 Medical laboratory department, faculty of health sciences, the Islamic university, P O Box 108 Gaza, Palestine.


Corresponding author :

Prof. Dr. Mohammad E. SHUBAIR,
Tel: +9708 2644400,
Email:

Received: December 19, 2015,   Accepted: January 25, 2016,   Published:


Abstract:

Pregnancy is associated with significant but reversible changes in thyroid function. Obstetrical complications are expected in pregnant women with thyroid dysfunction. This study aims to assess the maternal thyroid function during the first trimester in a group of pregnant women in Gaza – Palestine. The present cross sectional study was designed and included 80 pregnant women and 80 non-pregnant as a control group. Thyroid function tests were carried out including serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxin (FT4), and free triiodothyronine (FT3) using Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA). The results showed an elevated levels of TSH in 2.5 % of both pregnant and non-pregnant women. FT4 showed high level in 1.25 % of pregnant women. FT3 was elevated in 13.75 % and 1.25 % of pregnant and non-pregnant women respectively. The mean values of TSH for both groups were not significant; however, the mean values of FT4 and FT3 were significantly higher in the pregnant women compared to controls. It was concluded that thyroid dysfunction is not uncommon among pregnant women of Gaza. Screening of thyroid function in early pregnancy should be performed to avoid future complications for both fetus and pregnant woman. The relationship between thyroid hormones and other maternal hormones should be assessed.


Keywords: Thyroid function, pregnancy, Gaza, Palestine.


Citation:

Mohammad E. SHUBAIR et al. (2016). Assessment of Thyroid Function during the First Trimester of Pregnancy in a Group of Women in Gaza, Palestine. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V4I1. DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V4I1.02


Copyright:

© 2016 Mohammad E. SHUBAIR. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences