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%20%20%20%20The%20Challenges%20of%20Tertiary%20Education%20and%20Economic%20Development%20of%20African%20States
Research article
  

The Challenges of Tertiary Education and Economic Development of African States


Ignatius O. Nwangwu, Catherine N. Elechi

Department of Educational Foundations, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.


Corresponding author :

Ignatius O. Nwangwu,
Department of Educational Foundations,
Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.
Email:

Received: June 18, 2014,   Accepted: July 14, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

The paper examines the various challenges that confront tertiary education institutions and economic development in Africa. It discusses the link between human capital development and tertiary education institutions and its impact on economic development in Africa. The paper argues that human capital development through tertiary education institutions is indispensable among African states for accelerated development in terms of poverty reduction, high productivity, life expectancy and increased literacy rate among others. The paper notes that the development of tertiary education institutions in Africa has been neglected by African states because of its capital intensiveness. The World Bank and other International Organizations that assist Africa in the development of education encouraged this neglect by laying emphasis on the development of primary and secondary education. The paper argues that the challenges of tertiary education institutions vis-à-vis economic development in African include the dependency type of relationship between African states and their former colonial masters and/or industrial countries, inadequate financing, lack of university autonomy, poor management of resources resulting from weak leadership, faculty shortage, among others. Finally, the paper recommends, among others that adequate funding of tertiary education institutions in Africa is sine qua non if African states have to pull itself out from under development.


Keywords: Tertiary Education, Institution, Economic Development, Human Capital and Funding


Citation:

Ignatius O. Nwangwu, and Catherine N. Elechi, (2014) The Challenges of Tertiary Education and Economic Development of African States. J. of Advancement in Engineering and Technology. V1I4. DOI: 10.15297/JAET.V1I4.02


Copyright:

© 2014 Ignatius O. Nwangwu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Engineering and Technology