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%20%20%20%20Incorporation%20of%20Carica%20papaya%20L.%20%20Leaves%20Flour%20in%20the%20Diet%20of%20Chicks%20at%20Gbadolite%20City%20%20and%20its%20Effects%20on%20Zootechnical%20Parameters
Research article
  

Incorporation of Carica papaya L. Leaves Flour in the Diet of Chicks at Gbadolite City and its Effects on Zootechnical Parameters


Molongo M., Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Monde-te-Kazangba G., Magbukudua J.P., Ngemale G. M., Akwesi N. C., Ngbangu G., Pambu L.A., Bongo N.G., Masengo C. Ashande

1Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gbadolite, PO Box 111 Gbadolite, D.R. Congo
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 190 Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
3Yangambi Faculty Institute of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 1232 Kisangani, D.R. Congo
4Faculty of Science, University of Gbadolite, Gbadolite, D.R. Congo
5Molegbe High School Institute, PO Box 285 Gbadolite, D.R. Congo
6Sokoine University of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 3000 Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania
7Scientific Committee for the Research, the Conservation and the Development of Biodiversity, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, D.R. Congo


Corresponding author :

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua,
Tel: +243 81 68 79 527,
Email:

Received: September 24, 2014,   Accepted: October 27, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

The goal of present study, carried out at Gbadolite city, was to incorporate the papaya leaves flour into the food diet of chicks from 0 to 8 weeks and to evaluate its effects on some zootechnical parameters. We used one day-80 non sexed chicks from the artisanal incubator. Those chicks have been divided in two groups: the first group with 40 chicks fed with the diet incorporating papaya leaves flour (Carica papaya L.) (L1) and the second group with 40 others chicks fed with the diet lacking the aforementioned flour and served as control (L0). The obtained results indicated that papaya leaves flour based diet was more provided (1337.5 g) than the control diet (1025 g); The test diet (L1) had brought about fewer cases of mortality (10%) than the control diet (L0) (17%); The diet enriched with the Carica papaya L. flour is quite better according to its consumption index (1.4 versus 1.6 for control diet); The test diet (L1) has favored more medium live weight (156.7 g) and average live weight gain (33.8 g) than the control diet (L0) with 87.9 g and 23.5 g respectively. The results obtained seem to be comparable to those obtained with other foods. For this purpose, it is encouraging to feed chicks using the diet seasoned with papaya leaves as source of antibiotics, proteins, vitamins and anti-helminthes because the imported balanced diet is expensive and has been the stumbling block of development projects in developing countries.


Keywords: Chicks, Diet, Carica papaya L., Gbadolite, Nord-Ubangi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Citation:

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua., et al, (2014) Incorporation of Carica papaya L. Leaves Flour in the Diet of Chicks at Gbadolite City and its Effects on Zootechnical Parameters. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. V2I1. DOI: 10.15297/JABZ.V2I1.04


Copyright:

© 2014 Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology