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%20%20%20%20Butterflies%20and%20Ecosystem
Review
  

Butterflies and Ecosystem


Mubeen Ghazanfar and Waseem Raza

Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan.


Corresponding author :

Mubeen Ghazanfar,
Email:

Received: May 13, 2015,   Accepted: June 11, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

Butterflies play vital role in the ecosystem, there is co-evolutionary relationship between butterflies and plants, their lives are interlinked. Butterflies are also called flying flower, whenever goes displaying its beauty. These insects enhance the aesthetic value of the environments by their exquisite wing colors. Butterflies are the wild indicators of the ecosystem; these insects tell us everything about the healthier ecosystem. These are effective pollinators, butterflies visit the flower to eat nectar, tiny scales on their bodies brush against the anthers and pollen sticks to these scales, then butterfly visits the next flower, the pollen stuck to its scales brushes onto stigma’s flower. Some species of butterflies migrate over long distance; carry pollen to be shared across plants which are far apart from one another. This migration of pollens induces genetic variation in plants species and give a better chance at survival against different disease. These insects also provide food for other organisms, for example; birds, reptiles, amphibians and also acts as biological pest control. But the population of these insects decline rapidly due to human activities, habitat destruction, uses of pesticides and unawareness of people about the importance of flying flowers.


Keywords: Butterflies, ecological indicators, pollinators, flying flower, nectar eater


Citation:

Mubeen Ghazanfar et al.. (2015). Butterflies and Ecosystem. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology, V3I1. DOI: 10.15297/JABZ.V3I1.04


Copyright:

© 2015 Mubeen Ghazanfar.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology