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Can%20use%20the%20Biotic%20Index%20as%20an%20indication%20of%20fish%20farm%20pond%20water%20quality
Research article
  

Can use the Biotic Index as an indication of fish farm pond water quality?


Michel Laurince YAPO, Yalamoussa TUO , Mouhamadou KONE , Boua Célestin Atsé, Philippe Kouassi

1 UFR Sciences Biologiques, Université Peleforo Gon Coulibaly, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire, BP 1328 Korhogo.
2 Département Aquaculture, Centre de Recherches Océanologiques (CRO), BPV 18 Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
3 Laboratoire de Zoologie - Biologie Animale, U.F.R. Biosciences, Université Félix Houphouët Boigny, Côte d’Ivoire.


Michel Laurince YAPO,
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Received: February 20, 2017,   Accepted: March 10, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

The aim of this study is to determine fish farm pond’s water quality by using aquatic insect. Monthly samplings have been conducted in five fish farms (Layo, Banco, Azaguié, Anyama I and Anyama II) in southern Côte d’Ivoire. In each pond, samples were collected in water column using a hand-net and in the sediment using a van Veen grab. Environmental variables were measured in situ. Water samples were taken and conducted to the laboratory where analyses of dissolved inorganic nutrients were carried out. A total of 79 taxa belonging to 35 families and 8 orders were recorded. Aquatic insect’s fauna richness is clearly dominated by Heteroptera, Coleoptera and Diptera. Chironomidae was the most diverse family. Order Heteroptera was numerically the dominant taxa. The water quality is changing both spatially and temporally. Spatially, FBI values ranged from 1.61 to 3.41. This study revealed that water quality of the pond is excellent as supported by the values of biological index.


Keywords: aquatic insects, fish farm ponds, Hilsenhoff Family Biotic Index, water quality, Côte d’Ivoire.


Citation:

Michel Laurince YAPO, et al. (2017). Can use the Biotic Index as an indication of fish farm pond water quality?. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. V4I4. DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V4I4.01


Copyright:

© 2017 Michel Laurince YAPO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology