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Bacteriological and Proximate Analyses of Hogplum (Spondias Mombins) and African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum Albidium) Fruits in ADO-EKITI STATE. EKITI STATE, NIGERIA
Research article
  

Bacteriological and Proximate Analyses of Hogplum (Spondias Mombins) and African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum Albidium) Fruits in ADO-EKITI STATE. EKITI STATE, NIGERIA


Falegan C.R., Ayeni D., Akoja S.O. and Awe O.

123Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti. Ekiti State, Nigeria.
4Department of Microbiology, Kwara State University, Malete. Kwara State, Nigeria.


Falegan C.R. A ,
Tel: 08033850542,
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Received: November 2, 2017,   Accepted: December 10, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

Fruits are among the most important foods of mankind. Microbiological and Proximate/analyses of two Fruits [Hogplum [Spondias mombins] and African star Apple [Chrysophyllium albidium]] were studied. The samples were plated using pour plate methods. The total plate count was 3.8 x 104CFU/g and the total coliform count was 2.1 x 104CFU/g for S. mombins and 5.2 x 104 CFU/g and 1.9 x 104 CFU/g for C. albidium. A total of 29 bacteria were isolated with seven [7] bacteria genera were identified from the two fruit samples. Bacillus cereus 7[24.1%], Staphylococcus aureus 6[20.7%], Pseudomonas vulgaris 6[20.7%], Escherichia coli 5[17.2%], Bacillus licheniformis 2[6.9%], Enterobacter aerogenes 2[6.9%] and Lactobacillus plantarum 1[3.5%]. The nutritional and antinutitional compositions of S. mombins obtained were: Moisture[64.40%], Protein[2.11%], Ash[0.856%], Fibre[9.72%], Fat[13.02%] and Carbohydrate[9.84%]. Vitamin[mg/g]; C[23.21], A[456.12], B1[1.86], B2[1.17] and B3[0.36]. Antinutritional[mg/g]; phytate[30.48], Phytic[8.59], Tannins[0.25], glycosides[39.9] and phenols[6.25]. The mineral composition[mg/l] Na[26.90], K[394.0], Ca[85.0], Mg[36.0], Zn[0.75:], Fe[4.01], P[72.12], Pb[0.20], Ni[0.06] and Mn[0.28]. For the C. albidium were; Moisture[64.32%], Protein[1.71%], Ash[1.72%], Fibre[18.18%], Fat[2.66%] and Carbohydrate[11.41%]. Vitamin[mg/g]; C[26.63], A[628.22], B1[0.83], B2[0.34] and B3[0.41]. Antinutritional[mg/g]; phytate[18.12], Phytic[5.11], Tannins[0.93], glycosides[106.63] and phenols[26.19]. The mineral composition[mg/l] Na[25.34], K[202.0], Ca[26.0], Mg[21.0], Zn[0.02], Fe[0.51], P[58.00], Pb[0.01], Ni[0.00] and Mn[0.2¬0]. The bacterial isolates were tested against some antibiotics, since antimicrobials are used in fruits production to control pathogens on the field. The antibiotics used includes; Ampicillin, Gentamycin, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Cefuroxime, Ceftazidine, Cefoxin, Tetracycline, Streptomycin, Co-trimoxazole, Ciprofloxacin, Augumentin, Chloramphenicol and Ofloxacin. Therefore, S. mombins and C. albidium amongst the wild fruits in the tropical forest that can serve as good source of vitamins and minerals and can be recommended as fruit snacks for the obese and diabetics.


Keywords: Spondias mombins, Chrysophyllium albidium, Nutritional composition, Fruits.


Citation:

Falegan C.R. A et al. (2017). Bacteriological and Proximate Analyses of Hogplum (Spondias Mombins) and African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum Albidium) Fruits in ADO-EKITI STATE. EKITI STATE, NIGERIA, DR Congo. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V6I1. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1116747


Copyright:

© 2017 Falegan C.R. A . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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