Email-ID
Password
Forget password?






New User Registration
Research article
  

Development of a Plastic Recycling Machine


Ilesanmi A. Daniyan, Adefemi O. Adeodu, Adedeji W. Onibokun and Deborah F. Adewumi

1,2,3Department of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. 4Department of Chemistry, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.


I. A. Daniyan,
Email:

Received: August 02, 2017,   Accepted: September 09, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

Plastics are not degradable materials, therefore improper disposal after use constitute environmental problem. The developed plastic recycler was fabricated using 1.5 mm mild metal sheet punched and rolled into cylindrical form. The outer peeling drum was punched inward and fixed to the machine frame while the inner peeling drum was punched outward. The inner drum was constructed using 1.5 mm galvanized metal sheet while the die was constructed using carbon steel. It has an outer diameter of 70 mm and inner diameter of 68 mm. The main frame of the machine was constructed from 50 x 50 mm angle bar to provide support for other units. It has a height of 850 mm, length of 6600 mm and width of 400 mm. A 68 mm diameter and 550 mm length cast iron rod shaft ensures satisfactory rigidity and strength when the shaft transmits power under different operating and loading conditions with the aid of a 3 kW, 3-phase electric motor. The performance valuation of the machine was carried out using polythene bags and polyethylene bottles at speeds 200 and 300 rpm and temperature of 220oC. Results obtained indicated that torque increases for all screw speeds due to a proportional increase in extruder feed rate as screw speed is decreased. The recycling efficiency of the machine is estimated to be 86% while the capacity of the machine is 300 kg/hr. Hence, a cost effective machine for recycling low-density plastic was developed. This will help solve disposal problems of plastics.


Keywords: Die, Plastic, Polythene, Polyethylene, Recycler


Citation:

I. A. Daniyan et al. (2017) Development of a Plastic Recycling Machine, J. of Advancement in Engineering and Technology, V5I3. DOI: 10.15297/JAET.V5I3.01


Copyright:

© 2017 I. A. Daniyan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
Download PDF

      


No Archives found.