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Multiplication of Two Varieties of Both Plantains (Kadaga and Agbavé) and Banana (Fokona and Adokpa) Growing in Togo
Research article
  

Multiplication of Two Varieties of Both Plantains (Kadaga and Agbavé) and Banana (Fokona and Adokpa) Growing in Togo


Bawoumodom Pyabalo I Tchaou Bodjona, Komi Odah, Kodjo Glato, Kodjo Djidjolé Etse, Komlan Assignon, Rassimwaï Pitekelabou, Koffi Tozo, Atsou Aidam, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua3, Robijaona Baholy

Robijaona Baholy,
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Received: November 12, 2017,   Accepted: December 14, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

The banana (Musa spp.) is a plant that has a great economic interest. Its fruits are much consumed by the populations of the countries of the south. They have several virtues, among which are the reduction of blood pressure, the prevention and cure of ulcers. The cultivation of banana is made from conventional discharges. It has been found that each mother base gives fewer than ten discharges per year. This lack of rejections means that there is no intensive cultivation of bananas in Togo. It is necessary to find solutions to this problem which justifies this. The general objective of this study is to contribute to the improvement of the technique of rapid multiplication of the planting material of banana and plantain. The PIF technique was used. Ten rejects of each variety are used for the experiment, considering each explant as a repetition. According to the experimental results, the latency period is shorter in the Kadaga variety (27.1j) and longer in the Adokpa variety (34j). For the number of plants weaned at 150 days, the Agbave variety is the best with an average of 38 plants, followed by the Kadaga variety (7 plants); Fokona (4 plants) and Adokpa (3 plants). For the budding rate, the Kadaga variety is the best with 100%, followed by the Agbavé variety 90%, then Fokona 70% and finally Adokpa 50%. The Kadaga variety has a higher success rate after weaning which is 88.23% whereas the Adokpa variety has the lowest rate 58%. The PIF technique makes it possible to multiply the local varieties of bananas and plantains of Togo; but it must be improved and adapted to each variety.


Keywords: Banana, Plantain, PIF technique, Weaning, Acclimatization, Republic of Togo.


Citation:

Robijaona Baholy et al, Effect of NaCl Salinity in Genotypic Variation of Maize (Zea mays L.) During Early Growth Stage in Low Land soil of Ethiopia. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology.(2017) V5I4DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1117192


Copyright:

© 2017 Robijaona Baholy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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