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Fungi Associated with Postharvest Fruit Rots of Orange in local Market of El-Beida City, Libya
Volume 5
  

Fungi Associated with Postharvest Fruit Rots of Orange in local Market of El-Beida City, Libya


Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali1 , Arwa Mohammed Hamed

1Dept. of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Omer AlMuhktar University. El-Beida, Libya.


Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali,
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Received: October 02, 2017,   Accepted: November 04, 2017,   Published:


Abstract:

Citrus is one of the most widely grown plants in the world; however, it is affected by many types of fruit rot diseases after harvesting. Orange fruits showing rot symptoms that are displayed for sale local market were collected and examined for the presence of the pathogenic fungi. Three species of fungi Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger, and Penicilllium digitatum were found to be associated with fruit rots of orange. P. digitatum was the most frequently isolated and A. niger was the least isolated 63.9% and 11.1% respectively. All isolated fungi were pathogenic to the different fruits when pathogenicity tests were carried out. They produced same symptoms and signs as observed in the original spoilt orange fruits before isolation. All fungal isolates were able to re-infect the healthy citrus fruits with the exception of Alternaria which was weakly to grow and produce spoilage condition on the inoculated healthy orange fruits after five days. P. digitatum as the most pathogenic inducing a rot diameter of 2.4cm within 5 days of inoculation.


Keywords: Citrus species, Fungal species, fruit rot, Pathogenicity test, Libya.


Citation:

Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali et al, Fungi Associated with Postharvest Fruit Rots of Orange in local Market of El-Beida City, Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology.(2017) V5I4.1-4. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1042186


Copyright:

© 2017 Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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