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Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management in Nigeria: A case study of IkereEkiti, Ekiti state
Research article
  

Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management in Nigeria: A case study of IkereEkiti, Ekiti state.


Ogunmodede O.T,Adewole, E, Ajayi, O.O,Onifade, A,k.

1. Department of Chemical Sciences,AfeBabalola University.
2. Chemistry Department Federal University of Technology Akure.
3. Microbiology Department Federal University of Technology Akure.


Corresponding author :

Ogunmodede O.T
Department of Chemical Sciences,
AfeBabalola University,
Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Received: January 4, 2014,   Accepted: January 20, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

Following apparent increase in population and with a corresponding increase in solid waste generation in IkereEkiti, Ekiti State of Nigeria, this study was initiated to assess the level of environmental pollution and potential impact of wastes. Health risk assessment was determined by a survey of existing facilities for solid waste management. Microbiological and physicochemical analyses of decomposing waste, soil, and well water were carried out using standard procedures. Prevalent bacteria besides fungi isolated from solid waste, soil, and well water were Staphylococcus 36(25.85%), Escherichia 49 (19.61%), Pseudomonas 40 (34.11%) and each of Shigella/Salmonella 32 (21.82%), respectively. Solid waste followed by soil, had the highest count at 5% level of probability. These findings, coupled with the high aerial bacterial counts, indicate a high risk of microbial infection from the waste dump. There is also a high risk of diseases and potential destruction of biodiversity from toxic chemicals from the waste. All the physicochemical attributes determined were within the consent limits except the heavy metal levels in leachate. In view of the economy and high technology involved, it is recommended that both governments and private sectors should review the present waste management practice in relation to traditional methods.


Keywords: Environment, Bacteria, Fungi, Heavy metals.


Citation:

Ogunmodede O.T (2014) Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management in Nigeria: A case study of IkereEkiti, Ekiti state. j. of Physical and Chemical Sciences.V1I1. DOI: 10.15297/JPCS.V1I1.03


Copyright:

© 2014 Ogunmodede O.T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences