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Ethno-botanical survey and Ecological study of Plants resources used in Folk medicine to treat symptoms of Tuberculosis in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Research article
  

Ethno-botanical survey and Ecological study of Plants resources used in Folk medicine to treat symptoms of Tuberculosis in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo


Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Gédéon N. Bongo, Masengo C. Ashande, Djolu R. Djoza, Pius T. Mpiana, Virima Mudogo, Lassa Kanda, Huruma Nelwike Tuntufye

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 190 Kinshasa XI, D.R. Congo
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania,
3Scientific Committee for the Research, the Conservation and the Development of Biodiversity, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, D.R. Congo,
4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 190 Kinshasa XI, D.R. Congo,


Corresponding author :

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua,
Associate Professor, Department of Biology,
Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa,
P.O. BOX 190 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Tel.: +243 81 68 79 527,
Email:

Received: June 13, 2014,   Accepted: July 9, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

Medicinal plants represent the key product for the Congolese population. In order to preserve the ethno-medical cultural heritage of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the present study was undertaken with the aim of identifying and characterizing ecological status of plant species used to treat symptoms of tuberculosis in Kinshasa city. The ethno-botanical study was conducted in Kinshasa city in January-March 2013 through questionnaire and personal interviews and their responses were documented. Twenty-six plant species found in 20 families and 25 genera which belong to the Magnoliophyta taxonomic group were identified out of which phanerophytes predominate. The family of Apocynaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Myrtaceae and Rubiaceae are represented each one by two species and the remainders with only one species each one. 88.46% of herbal remedies used to treat symptoms of TB in Kinshasa city are prepared by aqueous decoction. All recipes are administered to patients by oral route. 26.92% of used medicinal plants are Guinea-Congolese species. Leaves are the most used part (69.23%). The large distribution of inventoried medicinal flora in Africa means that the protection of their ecosystems should be a common effort at national, sub-regional and regional levels. Advanced phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological investigations of some inventoried plants are in progress and might lead to the development and standardization of interesting anti-TB remedies.


Keywords: Tuberculosis, ethno-pharmacology, medicinal plants, Floristical characterization, Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Citation:

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, et al (2014), Ethno-botanical survey and Ecological study of Plants resources used in Folk medicine to treat symptoms of Tuberculosis in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic of the Congo J. of Modern Drug Discovery and Drug Delivery Research. V1I4. DOI: 10.15297/JMDDR.V1I4.01


Copyright:

© 2014 Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Modern Drug Discovery and Drug Delivery Research