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Studies on Development of Fuel Briquettes using Biodegradable Waste Materials
Research article
  

Studies on Development of Fuel Briquettes using Biodegradable Waste Materials


Ch. A. I. Raju, U.Praveena, M. Satya, K. Ramya Jyothi, Prof. S. Sarveswara Rao

1. Department Of Chemical Engineering, A.U. College of Engineering (A), Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. Department Of Mechanical Engineering, Raghu Institute Of Technology, Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India.


Corresponding author :

U. Praveena,
Department Of Chemical Engineering,
A.U. College of Engineering (A),
Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Email:

Received: March 15, 2014,   Accepted: March 28, 2014,   Published: March 31, 2014.


Abstract:

To cater the increased needs of humans, energy being crucial, has left no choice for researchers to work on alternative fuels like nuclear energy etc. Despite of its pollution and un-safety, nuclear energy is cost well established. Hence an attempt is made to prepare fuel briquettes from locally available waste materials as alternative sources of energy production. The briquettes were evaluated for the following properties: moisture, ash, volatile matter, fixed carbon, sulfur, calorific value, combustion calorific value, compressive strength, and water resistance. The experimental results indicated that calorific value and combustion calorific value of the solid fuel briquettes more in coconut coir. The results indicate that rice husk briquettes have more moisture content, paper briquette has more ash content and coconut coir has high volatile matter content and fixed carbon content by using a muffle furnace. The apparent water absorption is more for paper briquette. From the experimental properties of solid fuel briquettes produced from rejected material of paper, rice husk and coconut coir. The percentages of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen for paper are 51.12%, 5.038%, 1.9832%, 0.203%, 49.8382% respectively. The percentages of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen for rice husk are 43.052%, 4.0357%, 1.1254%, 0.254%, 38.159% respectively. The percentages of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen for52.012%, 5.057%, 0.9200%, 0.172%, 52.067% respectively.


Keywords: Fuel Briquettes, Proximate Analysis, Ultimate Analysis, FTIR, XRD, SEM.


Citation:

U. Praveena, et al (2014) Studies on Development of Fuel Briquettes using Biodegradable Waste Materials. J. of Bioprocessing and Chemical Engineering. V1I2. DOI: 10.15297/JBCE.V1I2.02


Copyright:

© 2014 U. Praveena. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Bioprocessing and Chemical Engineering