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Epidemiological monitoring of Gastrointestinal Helminthes of two wild Galagos: Galagoides demidovii and Sciurocheirus gabonensis (Primates, Galagidae) originated from Democratic Republic of the Congo
Research article
  

Epidemiological monitoring of Gastrointestinal Helminthes of two wild Galagos: Galagoides demidovii and Sciurocheirus gabonensis (Primates, Galagidae) originated from Democratic Republic of the Congo


Jean M. Malekani, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Gladys T. Tshabu., Tobit L.D. Liyandja, Aaron L. Pambu, Lem’s N. Kalemba, Fabrice B. Mwanza, Divin V. Malekani, Masengo C. Ashande, Gédéon N. Bongo

1University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 190, Kinshasa, DR Congo
2Scientific Committee for Research, Conservation and the Development of Biodiversity, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
3Sokoine University of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, P.O. Box. 3015, Morogoro, Tanzania.


Corresponding author :

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua,
Email:

Received: October 12, 2014,   Accepted: November11, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

Recent findings indicate that Non-human primates (NHP) serve as important reservoirs of parasites that cause diseases to man as close interactions between humans and NHP create pathways for the cross-species transmission of common zoonotic diseases. The present study was carried out with the aim of investigating the intestinal helminthes infestation in two wild species of Galagos: Galagoides demidovii and Sciurocheirus gabonensis. Stool samples collected from 30 specimens were examined from March to July 2012 using direct wet mount, concentration via sodium chloride floatation and sedimentation methods. Identification of parasitic ova was carried out according to an established protocol. Results indicated that Hymenolepis nana had the highest infestation rate (55.56%), followed by Taenia sp. (51.85%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (37.04%) in species from “N’djili brasserie” site while for the samples from Luki, Teania sp. displayed a highest prevalence rate (75%) flowed by Ancylostoma duodenale, Hymenolepsis nana and Trichostrongylus sp. (50% each) and Fasciola hepatica (25%). The two types of Galagos (Galagoides demidovii and Sciurocheirus gabonensis) were infected at different levels with the cited helminthes. Regular parasitological examination as monitoring tool should be carried out to prevent zoonotic infections. For the best of our knowledge, this is the first time report on the gastrointestinal helminthes of the Congolese wild Galagos.


Keywords: Galagoides demidovii, Sciurocheirus gabonensis, helminthes, coprology


Citation:

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, et al. (2014). Epidemiological monitoring of Gastrointestinal Helminthes of two wild Galagos: Galagoides demidovii and Sciurocheirus gabonensis (Primates, Galagidae) originated from Democratic Republic of the Congo. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V2I2. DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V2I2.02


Copyright:

© 2014 Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences