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Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of the Population Related To Ebola Virus Disease in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic Of The Congo
Research article
  

Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of the Population Related To Ebola Virus Disease in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic Of The Congo


Adelin B. Nzudjom Fauche, Kadimanche Mukebayi, Marlin Ilumbe Bakenje, Koyange R. Pilipili, Gédéon Bongo Ngiala, Museu P. Konga, Songo Baukaka Florent, Nadège K. Ngombe, Théophile F. Mbemba, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua

1Department of Odonto-stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 834 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2Department of Demography, Faculty of Economy, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 190 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo
4Geological and Mining Research Centre (CRGM), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
5Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, University of Kinshasa, P.O. Box 212 Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo
6Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 3015, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.


Corresponding author :

Prof. Dr. Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua,
Tel.: (00243) (0) 81 68 79 527 ,
Email:

Received: June 2, 2015,   Accepted: July 7, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is an endemic zoonosis in tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Nowadays, this emerging and re-emerging disease is a serious public health problem. The present study was initiated to improve the level of knowledge and perception of the population on the EVD in Kinshasa. The survey was conducted among 254 households in Ngaba municipality located at Kinshasa city between 15 and 29 November 2014. The selection focused on this municipality is due to the fact that it was once hit by an epidemic. From identified among households, 249 were successfully surveyed, with a rate of 98%. Among the identified; we had 53.1% men and 46.9% women. It was noticed that 2% have never heard about EDV, 46.8% men and 39% women have a good knowledge of the EDV. Then 66.3% of the population would choose to call the health department if they were in front of a person with symptoms of EDV, and 98.8% perceive that the EVD is dangerous along with 67.9% are willing to help the Congolese authorities to educate the population to prevent it. Television was the most used source of information, either 88.4%. The present study highlights the lack of information and knowledge of the population in relation to the EVD. Many efforts are still required and significant investments are necessary for the dissemination of messages for the whole population. Such survey is reported for the first time in the Kinshasa city.


Keywords: Ebola virus, Zoonosis, Ngaba commune, Kinshasa, Knowledge, Democratic Republic of the Congo


Citation:

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua et al. (2015). Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of the Population Related To Ebola Virus Disease in Kinshasa City, Democratic Republic Of The Congo. J. of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. V3I2. DOI: 10.15297/JALS.V3I2.03


Copyright:

© 2015 Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences