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Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring Environmental Condition on a Farmland
Research article
  

Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring Environmental Condition on a Farmland


Ganiyu, R. A., Arulogun O. T., Okediran O. O.

Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria


Corresponding author :

Ganiyu, R. A.,
Department of Computer Science and Engineering,
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology,
Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Email:

Received: March 15, 2014,   Accepted: March 31, 2014,   Published:


Abstract:

In recent time, the wireless sensor network technology has found its implementation in precision agriculture as a result of the need for high productivity. This paper focuses on the development of a wireless sensor network on agricultural environment to monitor environmental conditions and deduce the appropriate environmental parameters required for the high yield of crop production on a given farmland. The developed wireless sensor network is built around sensor nodes and a master microcontroller (PI16F648A) that takes in the data sent from the nodes for upload into a personal computer (PC). Each node has sensors to monitor environmental conditions such as temperature, relative humidity and light intensity which are important environmental factors in an agricultural set-up. The DHT11 sensor is used to sense and provide calibrated digital outputs for the measured temperature and relative humidity while a calibrated light dependent resistor (LDR) is configured to the light intensity sensor unit. The outputs from these sensors are processed by the microcontroller and sent wirelessly, using low-power radio frequency transceivers, to a remote master controller for storage. The deployment of the developed wireless sensor network on a named farmland shows that the aforementioned could be efficiently utilized to provide an up-to-date and accurate measurement of agriculture data, which include light-intensity, relative-humidity and temperature. Thus, the developed framework replaces the traditional method of predicting environmental parameters required on a given farmland.


Keywords: Environmental parameters, Wireless sensor, Network, Microcontroller, Farmland


Citation:

Ganiyu, R. A., et al (2014) Development of a Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring Environmental Condition on a Farmland. J. of Advancement in Engineering and Technology. V1I2. DOI: 10.15297/JAET.V1I2.05 .


Copyright:

© 2014 Ganiyu, R. A.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advancement in Engineering and Technology