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Extraction and Physico-chemical Characterization of Cordia africana Lam Seed Oil
Research article
  

Extraction and Physico-chemical Characterization of Cordia africana Lam Seed Oil


Yonathan Dagnachew, Yeshitila Asteraye, Tadesse Mensigitu, Mathewos Anza

1 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Bahir Dari University, Bahir Dari, Ethiopia.
2 Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Tabor University, P. O. Box 272, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.


Corresponding author :

Mathewos Anza,
Email:

Received: September 24, 2015,   Accepted: November 11, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

C. africana used is used for skin disease, wound, diarrhea, and ascaris infection in human. The present study aimed to extract and characterize the physico-chemical characteristics of the Cordia africana Lam. seed oil. The solvent extraction was used to determining the percentage oil yield. The physical and chemical properties was determine of the extracted oil and showed that the oil was light yellow in colour, liquid with a characteristics smell, had a pH value of 4.10, and refractive index of 1.468. The oil had density of 0.883 g/cm3, saponification value of 182±0.325 mg/KOH/gram, acid value of 6.73, free fatty acid value of 3.365, and peroxide value of 8.16meq/kg. These results suggest that Cordia africana seeds may be a potentials viable source of oil going by its oil yield and also indicate that the Cordia africana seed oil can be used as a potential alternative to nutritional food and an important additive in soap making since its properties lies within the standard values of other oils used for that purposes.


Keywords: Cordia africana, Solvent extraction, physico-chemical property


Citation:

Mathewos Anza et al (2015). Extraction and Physico-chemical Characterization of Cordia africana Lam Seed Oil. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology, V3I4. DOI: 10.15297/JABZ.V3I4.05


Copyright:

© 2015 Mathewos Anza. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology