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Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Leaves Extract of Bersama abyssinica
Research article
  

Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Leaves Extract of Bersama abyssinica


Mathewos Anza, Feleke Worku, Solomon Libsu, Fikre Mamo, Milkyas Endale

1Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.
2Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Bahir Dari University, Bahir Dari, Ethiopia.
3Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Hawassa University, P. O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.


Corresponding author :

Mathewos Anza,
Tel: +251929269135,
Email:

Received: June 12, 2015,   Accepted: July 23, 2015,   Published:


Abstract:

The present work investigate the phytochemical screening and antibacterial activities of leaves extract of B. abyssinica by disc diffusion method .The leaves of B. abyssinica were extracted with increasing gradient of organic solvents (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol). Phytochemical screening results confirmed the presence of alkaloids, glycosodes, flavonoids, steroids, phenols, tannins, triterpenene, anthraquinones, polysterols, coumarins and absence of saponins. Evaluation of antibacterial activity of crude leaves extracts of B. abyssinica via disc diffusion method against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus Klebsiella pneumonia and Salmonella typhi showed dose dependant activities in both microorganisms. B. abyssinica methanol and chloroform leaves extracts exhibited much higher antibacterial activity against the tested pathogenic bacteria. Results have proved that B. abyssinica leaves possess antibacterial activity.


Keywords: B. abyssinica, phytochemical screening, anti-bacterial activity


Citation:

Mathewos Anza, et al (2015). Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Leaves Extract of Bersama abyssinica. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology, V3I2. DOI: 10.15297/JABZ.V3I2.07


Copyright:

© 2015 Mathewos Anza. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


      
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      Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology